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Circuit Breaker Property Tax Credit Critical for Seniors, Missourians with Disabilities Across the State

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The circuit breaker is a popular tax credit that helps Missouri seniors and people with disabilities with fixed incomes to stay in their homes by offsetting costs related to property taxes. State  lawmakers are considering House Committee Bill 3, which would eliminate 100,000 Missouri renters in every part of the state from the credit. While low-income seniors who rent their homes may not pay property taxes directly, property owners pass property taxes to their tenants through rental rates.

Eligibility for the Circuit Breaker Property Tax Credit

In 2016, Missouri’s circuit breaker property tax credit helped 193,561 seniors & people with disabilities with fixed incomes stay in their homes. More than 100,000 of those were renters.

To qualify for the credit:

As a renter, income must be:
• $27,500 or less if single, and $29,500 or less if married

As a homeowner, income must be:
• $30,000 or less if single, & $34,000 or less if married

The maximum credit is $750 for renters and $1,100 for owners. The actual credit is based on amount paid and total household income, taxable and nontaxable. In 2016, the average credit was $535.1

Renters are Eligible for the Credit in 17 of 18 States with a Circuit Breaker

Eighteen states provide a circuit breaker. In sixteen of those, the credit is available to both homeowners and renters. Renters qualify based on their rental payments, as it is assumed that property owners pass through a portion of their property taxes to tenants. In one state, only homeowners qualify, while in another state only renters qualify for the circuit breaker.

Lower-income families are much more likely to face high housing costs — usually defined as costs that exceed 30 percent of income — than are high-income families. Families below the poverty line typically spend 42 percent of their income on housing compared to the national median of 22 percent. Families with high housing costs typically pay high property taxes relative to their incomes since property taxes within a given community tend to be roughly proportionate to housing costs.


More than 100,000 Low-Income Missouri Seniors & People with Disabilities Would Lose the Circuit Breaker Tax Credit if Renters are Eliminated from Eligibility

Estimated Circuit Breaker Rental Claims by State Senate District, Tax Year 2016
State Senate District Number of Claims
1 1935
2 1190
3 4662
4 6277
5 9440
6 2164
7 2564
8 1215
9 4195
10 2398
11 2623
12 2648
13 3845
14 5418
15 1007
16 2211
17 1532
18 2922
19 1960
20 3392
21 2600
22 1794
23 1061
24 1760
25 6317
26 1516
27 3641
28 3119
29 2286
30 3042
31 2422
32 2665
33 2690


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